Translated by PROMT-Online-Translator
||Lovely Maya ruins
|The jungle awakes: 03:45 clock rings the
alarm, was short of free stuff from the packed and poorly lit with
candles park entrance. A few minutes later, then even the first tour
buses and in the great turmoil, I ask Luis Guide whom I also had my
mother and we are in for 5, - € instead of 10, - to € with the sunrise
tour: Well is accompanied by heavily armed pumping Guns Parkrangern
a brief half hour by the pitchblack park to Temple IV, we in the first
dawn climb. We are almoust the first and so after witness how different
howlermonkey families awaken, start their morning roar and thus wake
the remaining virgin forest dwellers we Spider Monkeys, toucans and
parrots. With its 65m the Temple IV is the largest structure in Tikal,
and so we sit almost directly above a sea of leaves. Thanks to the
overnight rain still a lot of hang fog over the roof of the jungle,
which gradually from the sun's rays be resolved.
|Temple IV: After sunrise we adopt, however,
the guided tour and start with the park on your own to explore. Suddenly
we discover in a gap in leafes the roof of temple IV. Here we
have above the sunrise spent. The 741n.Chr. Temple completed IV served
as a backdrop, incidentally a rebel base in Star Wars
|Temple II: Long before the masses everyday
tourists arrive at the Grand Plaza, we can already impressive 44 high
temple in the morning I enjoy the sun. The temple was in honor of
the wife of the Maya ruler Hasaw Chan K'awil built. About a wooden
staircase on the left side of the temple can even climb.
|Temple I: The 47m high temple was dedicated to Hasaw
Chan K'awil built, the Maya rulers, after long debates finally Calakmul,
Tikals Erzfeinde, beaten. Finish leave the temple, but his son and
successor Yik'in Chan K'awil in the year 712 AD.
|Rain at the temple V: What actually every
day so we will continue in Tikal from those included in the usual
rainy season and rain Nachmittagsgewittern caught. As the thunderstorm
loslegt we just enjoy the magnificent view from the 58m high temple
V. The wooden staircase to the temple leads V is extremely steep (almost
vertically and not for weak minds) and before the rain greasy and
slippery, we will increase from the over 1400 years old temple prefer
down in the Urwal. Just in time before an strong tropical rain came.
|Mayas: The Maya culture existed from about 1800 BC.
until about 1000 AD. in an area that today covers the Yucatan peninsula
in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of Honduras and parts of El Salvador.
Unfortunately, on the Maya culture, very few is known and their sudden
disappear still is puzzling scientists. Unlike other advanced cultures
(such as the Incas), there was never a Maya Empire. Rather, the Maya
culture from many separate cities, which also competed among themselves,
as it was also the case in ancient Greece. After the Maya had succeeded
to cultivate the land and thanks terraces and irrigation canals quite
efficient food was produced, while the corn is of particular importance,
opened up the space for science, such as the writing, architecture,
mathematics, astronomy and calendar on their part. For example, there
are many temples to the movements of the sun. Unfortunately, almost
all written records of the Mayas were burned from Bishop Diego de
loading in the 16th Century, but at least three texts have survived
in European museums. Even today there are 21 ethnic groups, each with
its own language, to be descendants of the Maya, and their traditions,
especially in the mountains is still a traditional life.
|Tikal morning mood: We enter
the park in the dark and a guide leads us to the temple point IV,
from which we the sunrise witness. The guide asks all during the time
here to mention what I regard as particularly pleasant. Gradually
the jungle wakes up and so we first hear birds, singing their morning
songs and then several families of howler monkeys wake up, while over
the tops of the trees som Mayan pyramids are visible. Tikal was built
around 900 - 700 BC. populated, and against 500 BC. was the first,
then smaller stone pyramid was built. Around 250 AD. Tikal had already
become an important centre of religion, trade and culture. It followed
several disputes with neighbors and between 7 Century. In the 9th
century Tikal reached its peak and covered an area of approximately
30 sq. km with about 100,000 inhabitants. In the 10th Century. Long
before the Spaniards came, Tikal was finally abandoned and left, so
that the jungle reclaimed piece by piece the city. Tikal was re-discovered
then only in late 17th Century. but the first archaeological expedition
was only in 1848 by the Guatemalan government action. Many international
archaeologists have unfortunately taken over the years many art objects
back to their home countries where they are now far from their homeland.
The excavations of the temple are far from complete and will certainly
continue for many decades.
|Howler monkeys and ants: On the
way between the two pyramids at once, we hear a few howler monkeys
high above us in the tree tops. Although the howler monkeys are quite
large they can be very difficult seen, because they hide in the leaves.
One of our guides made the cry of the howler monkeys and then immediately
came the answer from above. A little way away from the path tramples
our guide at once next to a few small holes in the ground, and now
come in hundreds of giant ants from the building, suspecting an assault
and wanting to defend this now. The ants, which incidentally is still
a delicacy, are really huge and so we prefer to security distance.
Previously, the ants incidentally also used for wounds to "sew". The
skin was held together and after the ants with their tongs came to
hold it together and then their head was detached, so that only
the punches were left behind to keep the wound closed.
|Ball game: For the Mayan ball game was
not a pastime or sport, but a religious ritual. Gates served as a
small holes in the earth (at least here in Tikal) and the ball was
with the upper arms, shoulders, knees and legs are played. For the
Mayan ball game that symbolized the struggle between good and evil.
Tough seems from today's perspective, in particular the practice that
the members of the winning team were sacrificed to the gods. Why should
a football team want to win, if it would die afterwards? Presumably
it was to be honoured sacrificed to the gods, or perhaps there was
even a similar concept as in Islam, where each victim of the Holy
War will spent his life in the heaven.
|Solar calendar: These pyramids were aligned
to the sun, each view when the sun is at the northern or southern
or turning circle at the equator. Whether the Maya had probably already
know that the earth is a sphere?
|Toucans: The caves living in tree breeding and toucans
you can encountered anywhere in the park. If you knock on the trunk
of a tree where a toucan lives he stretches this curious only its
huge beak and then his head out to look for potential dangers.
|Steep Pyramids: The extremely steep pyramids
of Tikal are only gradually grown. First, it was smaller pyramids
built and in later years, a bigger pyramid was simply constructed
over the old pyramid. There are pyramids, which actually consists
of five pyramids and so theyremind me somehow to the Russian wooden
dolls. At a temple had an American research team is trying to become
into the inner temples, but finally, the whole construction then collapsed.
Before the pyramids are often so called stelas, stone slabs, that
describe the life of a Mayan prince and his achievements and conquests.
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